Social Justice in Islam

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    319 Sayed Qutb Hamid Algar John B. Hardie
Social Justice in Islam

  1. The saying that The pen is mightier than the sword accurately describes the life story of Sayyid Qutb who was an Egyptian prominent revivalist, ideologue, thinker, and a leading intellectual of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood al Ikhwan ul Muslimun in the 1950s and 60s.He is best known for his work on redefining the role of Islam in social and political change, particularly in his book Ma alimu fi l Tareeq Milestones But the majority of his theory could be found in his extensive Qur anic commentary tafseer Fi zilal il Qur an In the shade of the Qur an the noteworthy multi volume work for its innovative method of interpretation which contributed significantly to modern perceptions of Islamic concepts.His early life was spent in an Egyptian village Then he moved to Cairo where he received his university education between 1929 and 1933, and where he started his career as a teacher.During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic.Writing such novels as Ashwak Thorns and even elevating Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity.In 1939, he became a functionary in Egypt s Ministry of Education Wizarat ul Ma arif.From 1948 to 1950, he went to the United States on a scholarship to study the educational system, studying at Colorado State College of Education Now the University of Northern Colorado.It was during this period that Qutb wrote his first major theoretical work of religious social criticism, al Adala Tul Ijtima iyyatu Fil Islam Social Justice in Islam , which was published in 1949, during his time overseas.Though Islam gave him much peace and contentment, he suffered from respiratory and other health problems throughout his life, thus he never married.Qutb was extremely critical of many things in the United States its materialism, brutal individualism, merciless economic system, unreasonable restrictions on divorce, sick enthusiasm for sports, animal like mixing of the sexes which went on even in churches , and lack of support for the Palestinian struggle.Qutb discovered very early that the major aspects of the American life were primitive and shocking.His experience in the United States is believed to have formed in part the impetus for his rejection of Western values and his move towards Islam upon returning to Egypt Resigning from the civil service, he joined the Muslim Brotherhood in the early 1950s and became editor in chief of the Brothers weekly al Ikhwan ul Muslimun, and later head of the propaganda section, as well as an appointed member of the Working Committee and of the Guidance Council, the highest branch 1352 1933 1370 1950 1361 1942 1370 1950 1954 1966 1385 1966 .

489 Reply to “Social Justice in Islam”

  1. The discussion about the difference place of religion in islamic government versus christian government was truely eye opening Required reading for anyone dealing in islamic nations.

  2. I don t know what to say about Qutb s book, really, except I suppose it was interesting to encounter a form of social criticism that is based in a framework of values so alien to my own I was interested, for example, by his idea that it is impossible to understand Islamic culture in terms of non Islamic perspectives such as Marxist social criticism, but that was about as far as I could agree with anything that he said Beyond that, there is simply nothing in the book that one can accept, unless o [...]

  3. Written by one the leading Muslim Brotherhood leaders in Egypt, Sayyid Qutb was eventually executed in 1966 Although his works still remain highly controversial, they still remain an important source for understanding the Muslim Brotherhood and neo Wahabi extremism in many cases

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