پاسخ به تاریخ

go inside Kindle Answer to History Reponsea L historie Mohammed Reza PahlaviMohammad Reza Pahlavi Mohammad Rez Pahlavi October July

پاسخ به تاریخ go inside Kindle Answer to History = Reponsea L'historie, Mohammed Reza PahlaviMohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi‎, 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shāhanshāh ("Emperor" or "King of Kings") on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Āryāmehr (Light of the Aryans) and Bozorg Arteshtārān (Head of the Warriors). His dream of the Great Civilization in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military expansion as well as economic and social reforms.تاریخ نخستین خوانش: اکتبر سال 1985 میلادیعنوان: پاسخ به تاریخ؛ محمدرضا پهلوی؛ مترجم: حسین ابوترابیان؛ تهران، زریاب، 1379، در 460 ص، چاپ سوم 1372؛ چاپ پنجم 1376، چاپ ششم 1377؛ شابک: 9649010807؛ موضوع: محمدرضا پهلوی شاه ایران از 1298 تا 1359؛ قرن 20 معنوان: پاسخ به تاریخ؛ محمدرضا پهلوی؛ مترجم: شهریار ماکان؛ تهران، نشر مهر، 1375، چاپ دیگر: نشر البرز، 1380، در 496 ص، چاپ پنجم 1381؛ چاپ سیزدهم 1392؛ شابک: 9789644423123؛ موضوع: محمدرضا پهلوی شاه ایران از 1320 تا 1359؛ قرن 20 معنوان: پاسخ به تاریخ؛ محمدرضا پهلوی؛ مترجم: حمید سیف زاده؛ بی جا، عارف، 1371، در 432 ص، ؛ا. شربیانی. The final draft of Answer to History was completed by the Shah just days before he died on July 27, 1980 Completing it was, in the Shah s words, a race against time In it, he shows how the United States, once the most powerful country on earth, found itself hostage to the whims of Iran, a land few Americans knew much about In telling his own story, the Shah shows cleaThe final draft of Answer to History was completed by the Shah just days before he died on July 27, 1980 Completing it was, in the Shah s words, a race against time In it, he shows how the United States, once the most powerful country on earth, found itself hostage to the whims of Iran, a land few Americans knew much about In telling his own story, the Shah shows clearly that Iran has become a battleground between the U.S and the Soviet Union, which for over half a century has pursued goals with increasing success In the slide into chaos precipitated by the Khomeini regime, the Shah saw the ultimate beneficiary being the U.S.S R which will reach the apogee of its strength no later than 1983, with the West facing a decade of harrowing danger Answer to History begins with what really happened during the Shah s period of exile in the Bahamas, Mexico, the U.S Panama, and finally Egypt It goes on to cover all of the momentous experiences of the Shah s reign, a book full of heroes and villains, with many surprises for the American reader as to who the villains really were and are The Shah discloses backstage developments in today s politics of oil The Shah show how the interplay between the Black and the Red the 14th century clergy and the Tudeh Party loyal to the Soviets blocked for their own purposes his proudest achievements the White Revolution in which the Shah introduced land reform, worked toward the liberation of women, and raised the standard of living of his people, providing disparate ethnic groups with pride in the 2,500 year old culture of Persia When the enemies of his reign took to the streets, the Shah felt the he reacted not too strongly, but not strongly enough In his Answer to History he reveals the forces that betrayed him, and left the U.S without an economically and militarily strong ally in a critical part of the world excerpts from book s dustjacket. A viral Book پاسخ به تاریخ اين کتاب خاطرات محمد رضا پهلوي شاه ايران است . موضوع کتاب تقريبا نوعي دفتر خاطرات حکومتي است که شاه در آن علت بسياري از کارهايي را که در دوره سلطنتش انجام داده ذکر کرده است . گاه به نعت حکومت و شاهنشاهي پرداخته . گاه از دشمنان گله کرده . زماني به شرح برنامه هايش اهتمام ورزيده . فرازي بر آينده ايران داشته و از آرزو هايش سخن گفته است . در مجموع اين کتاب از نظر ادبي و سياسي بسيار غني است .اما نکته قابل توجه در اين کتاب توضيحات شخصي به نام شهريار ماکان است . اين توضيحات گرچه بصورت زير نويس( در زير صفحه ) آمده لکن در مجموع بيش از متن اصلي کتاب است .اين توضيحات تماما نظر شخصي اين فرد است و بندرت نکته حايز اهميتي در متون وي به چشم ميخورد . بجاي شرح کتاب به انتقاد شخصي از شاه پرداخته و هر کجا مجالي ديده دوران پيش از انقلاب را يک طرفه محاکمه کرده است . مثلا در همان ابتداي کتاب شاه مي گويد : يک سال پيش آخرين کتابم انتشار يافت . مصلح ياد شده در پاورقي راجع به اين کتاب توضيح مي دهد : اين کتاب ( بسوي تمدن بزرگ ) پر از لاف و گزاف است . متن آن خسته کننده و طولاني است!خود شما قضاوت کنيد . آيا اين خيانت ادبي نيست؟ اسم کتاب را هم گذاشته پاسخ به تاريخ در حالي که محتواي آن دعواي نويسنده با شاه سر اين کتاب است !البته شما براحتي مي توانيد زير نويس ها را نخوانيد . در اين صورت است که از کتاب لذت خواهيد برد . اميدوارم از خواندن آن لذت ببريدگوشه اي از متن کتاب ...من هرگز فرهنگ را مختص گروهي خاص و معدود نمي دانستم و گسترش و اعتلاي فرهنگ ايران را از مباني اصلي سياست ملي و مملکتي تلقي مي کردم که مخصوصا شهبانو توجه و دقت بسيار معطوف به آن کرد .نخستين کوشش ما حفظ و صيانت هنر هاي سنتي و باستاني ايران و تجديد حيات آنها بود . همچنين توجه بليغ به شکوفايي فرهنگ و هنر اصيل و نوين ايران معطوف شد

  1. Former Shah of Iran, Shah of Persia Persian moh m m d re z he p hl vi , ruled Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979 He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several titles His Imperial Majesty, Shahanshah King of Kings, Emperor , Aryamehr Light of the Aryans and Bozorg Artesht r n Head of the Warriors, Persian .The young prince came to power during World War II after an Anglo Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father Reza Shah During his reign, the Iranian oil industry was nationalized under Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, and Iran marked the anniversary of 2,500 years of continuous monarchy since the founding of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great The Shah s White Revolution, a series of economic and social reforms intended to transform Iran into a global power, succeeded in modernizing the nation, nationalizing many natural resources, and extending suffrage to women.A secular Muslim himself, the Shah gradually lost support from the Shi a clergy of Iran, particularly due to his strong policy of modernization, secularization, conflict with the traditional class of merchants known as bazaari, and recognition of Israel Various additional controversial policies were enacted, including the banning of the communist Tudeh Party, and a general suppression of political dissent by Iran s intelligence agency, SAVAK Amnesty International reported that in 1978 Iran had as many as 2,200 political prisoners.Several other factors contributed to strong opposition to the Shah among certain groups within Iran, the most notable of which were the U.S and U.K backed coup d tat against Prime Minister Mosaddegh in 1953, clashes with Islamists, and increased communist activity By 1979, political unrest had transformed into a revolution which, on 16 January, forced the Shah to leave Iran Soon thereafter, the Iranian monarchy was formally abolished, and Iran was declared an Islamic republic.

213 Reply to “پاسخ به تاریخ”

  1. Answer to History Reponsea L historie, Mohammed Reza PahlaviMohammad Reza Pahlavi Mohammad Rez Pahlavi , 26 October 1919 27 July 1980 , known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979 Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Sh hansh h Emperor or King of Kings on 26 October 1967 He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, [...]






  2. Some years ago, during a transitional time in my life, I worked in a book store This was a bit like living in Disney Land It was in the days before Internet book searches and online bookstores so finding treasurers was not so easy The store owners I worked for would often acquire book collections from desert inhabitants who had moved on, passed on or changed interests I would often stalk these titles, looking for the unusual, the different opinion, or the story as told by an observer rather than [...]








  3. Iran What a tragic story.It is very likely that Pahlavi is largely under representing or if we are charitable, under estimating the amount of oppression, police brutality, political persecution, and corruption that occurred under his reign If you are reading a book written by a ruler like he used to be, you take all the facts with a sizable grain of salt.However, the facts and figures of Iran s government pre Islamic Revolution are not the main reason why you should read this book You should rea [...]


  4. The Shah is one of the most stigmatized leaders of the late 20th century The west considers him as a dictator, not a monarch, whose brutality paved the way for the Islamic revolution, and the rise of Islamic fundamentalism However, reading Pahlavi s own accounts and closer analysis of him, we find a much different picture We find a man, forced to lead his nation after his father is deposed for his neutrality in WWII that is not industrialized or modern Yet by the revolution, we see that Iran had [...]


  5. All I can say is what another reviewer on said and I thought it is most appropriate to quote him Reading this book has given me a different perspective of the man and his ideas, his philosophies and his wishes for a nation who supported him whole heartedly after second World War and who turned against him in 1979 Now I understand that his aspirations for modernization and curbing the yokes of religious fanaticism levelled against our people by the Mullahs during the past several centuries were t [...]




  6. A whole book about how Khomeini was going to ruin Iran and how the Shah was nothing but a misunderstood, innovational leader who worked tirelessly for his country.




  7. the autobiography of the shah of Iran A man tragically out of touch with reality, given over to conspiracy theories and a sanitized summary of his own actions One need merely read this book to understand the inevitability and unquestionable justice of the 1979 revolution, though what we are left with now in Iran must be viewed as a separate narrative.







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