الكفارة

eBook It s like To Kill A Mockingbird Only instead of a flawed but relatable protagonist we have a

eBook الكفارة It's like To Kill A Mockingbird. Only, instead of a flawed but relatable protagonist, we have a protagonist vilified beyond all reason. Instead of a persecuted minority, we have a horny young man. And instead of Atticus Finch, we have...Ian McEwan. And never, in the history of literature, has anyone worked quite this hard to invalidate the accusatory gaze of young girls.The "sinner" here is young Briony. And her sin is pride. We see her exposed to sexist and obscene language, violent sex, and a rape --all in one day! And why did she she make such a fuss?Well, according to McEwan, it's because she's the worst thing in the world: a little girl (with little girl problems) who simply can't understand the "grownup" world. ("Grownup," in this context, refers almost exclusively to the pursuit of id impulses.) Everything the poor girl does is made to seem (somehow) insidious: the way she lines up her toys, the way she plays pretend, the way her own mind controls her own hand. (The power!)But who are McEwan's martyrs? you query. Where there's heavy handed allegory, there are bound to be martyrs, you say.Ah! That would be Robbie and Cecilia. You see, Robbie and Cecilia's sin is lust, the one (and only) sin that must always be defended in literature, the sin McEwan is (apparently) most defensive about. Naturally, some of that lust is projected onto the young girl--reverse moralists are so hypocritical!--but it's Robbie and Cecilia who are truly wronged. Indeed, no fictional character has been this wronged by the moral majority since Jude (the Obscure). But even Thomas Hardy had the presence of mind not to shrilly condemn young girls. McEwan undermined his point in overstating it.In McEwan's universe, the only real sin is being too uptight (or "sheltered"). No counterpoint is offered. Nor is there any real understanding of sexual trauma and its behavioral manifestations. No sexual history is provided the characters, certainly nothing to account for the behavior in evidence! (To Kill a Mockingbird, mentioned earlier, does provide that history.) McEwan's characters are born the day we meet them...and only to serve his argument.In short, this is a defensive book. It's nothing more than a defensive book. Chance doesn't work this way. Trauma doesn't work this way. Sexuality doesn't work this way. Nothing works this way.One gets the distinct impression that McEwan has projected his own narcissism and guilt onto one character (the accuser) and his actual misdeeds onto another (the "unjustly" persecuted). Because his aims are self-indulgent, he doesn't accomplish much beyond this smug reversal. It never quite makes for a cohesive whole. (Nearly, though!)In a foreshadowing of later events, everyone fusses over a cousin who says she has been badly bruised by her two brothers. When the unjustly maligned little boys run away, it's predicted that the little drama queen will somehow find a way to regain the spotlight. She does...in getting raped. We never learn her thoughts or feelings about this incident, and her rapist is given a nebulous presence, at best, in the novel.Throughout the story, the victim is portrayed as a snob. She's so snobby, in fact, that she marries her rapist...in the name of monogamy. (Yes, Ian, we see what you did there.) Significantly, Cecilia too is portrayed as a snob...until she puts out.To summarize:Briony is the sort of uppity prig who accuses "good" men like Ian McEwan Robbie of being bad men.As we can clearly see, there are far worse men. See?Oh, the victim? Complicit. Moving on...And Cecilia just needed a good f...It's a shame, because the prose, itself, is good. The premise had a lot of potential for nuance and ambiguity. But McEwan forgoes any subtlety in his tireless crusade against...little girls. Little girls who tell on men. Little girls whose motives and perceptions simply can't be trusted.And all to make some asinine declaration about "true" art?In the end, we find that Briony is, herself, the narrator of this tale and her own literary career allows McEwan to covertly praise his own writing, so reminiscent of Woolf (in his opinion). (Um, no, Ian. Woolf was a good writer.)Is he serious? Is he trying to be a pompous ass? Was this an Andy Kaufman bit all along?Oh, also: War is bad. I make that an aside, because the actual causes, ramifications, and atrocities of war are clearly less important to McEwan than his own pen and man meat. But it's war that truly makes a man of you. If only I were a man and could understand the "real" world!...instead of writing fairy stories...playing with my miniatures...and stripping for the neighbor boys all day.Something tells me McEwan has a long and studied history of reframing. But the fact remains: If it's not cohesive, it's not true.This is cleverness. Not truth.. الكفارة are Book 2010 .. Ian McEwan was born on 21 June 1948 in Aldershot, England He studied at the University of Sussex, where he received a BA degree in English Literature in 1970 He received his MA degree in English Literature at the University of East Anglia.McEwan s works have earned him worldwide critical acclaim He won the Somerset Maugham Award in 1976 for his first collection of short stories First Love, Last Rites the Whitbread Novel Award 1987 and the Prix F mina Etranger 1993 for The Child in Time and Germany s Shakespeare Prize in 1999 He has been shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize for Fiction numerous times, winning the award for Amsterdam in 1998 His novel Atonement received the WH Smith Literary Award 2002 , National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award 2003 , Los Angeles Times Prize for Fiction 2003 , and the Santiago Prize for the European Novel 2004 He was awarded a CBE in 2000 In 2006, he won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for his novel Saturday and his novel On Chesil Beach was named Galaxy Book of the Year at the 2008 British Book Awards where McEwan was also named Reader s Digest Author of the Year.McEwan lives in London His most recently published work is Nutshell 2016.. The best Ebook الكفارة There are many reviews already of this book, and I did wonder whether the world needed any more. But I disagree so strongly with some of the opinions expressed that I'm afraid I have to exercise my right to reply. Two things in particular stand out. Let me deal with the simpler one first. Some people seem appalled that the author is putting the guilt for this dreadful tragedy on the shoulders of a young girl. She didn't know what she was doing, they say; she was too young to understand the import of her actions, and we shouldn't hold her responsible. Well, it seems to me that this is completely beside the point. The novel, we finally learn, has been written by the girl herself. She's giving herself the blame for what happened. She's evidently spent her whole life wondering why she behaved the way she did, and she still doesn't really know. She's just trying to get the story as straight as she can, mainly so that she can understand it herself, and I found her efforts extremely moving. If anyone is claiming that people don't behave this way, all I can say is that their view of human nature is so different from mine that it'll be hard to have a meaningful conversation on the subject. So now the second and more controversial part. Many reviewers dislike the post-modernist aspects. They complain that McEwan is taking a perverse pleasure in tricking the reader into a view of the story which is finally revealed as incorrect; that he's playing the unreliable narrator card out of sheer willfulness. Again, I completely disagree. I don't think these aspects of the book are irrelevant or peripheral; I think they're at the very core of it, and are what make it a great piece of literature. McEwan shows us a girl who becomes an author precisely because she wants to expiate the dreadful feelings of guilt she has suffered all her life. He lets her explain how it happened, in what we eventually discover is a book within a book. And the truly awful thing is that she can't do it. She cops out with a fake happy ending, because she still can't face what she did.I don't think this is a trick; I think he's saying something about the very nature of writing. Many, many writers are like Briony. They write to absolve themselves of their guilt, but in the end they don't say what they want to say. It's too horrible to write down. They skirt around the issues, and end up presenting them in a more favourable light. If they're lucky, they may finally reach an age when they are so far removed from what happened that they can tell the story straight. This is what Briony does in the postscript, and I don't find it far-fetched. To take just one example, the first I happen to think of, look at Marguerite Duras. All her life, she kept thinking about her first love affair, and it coloured most of what she wrote. It was only when she was nearly 70 that she could set it down as L'Amant.Before the events of the fountain, Briony was indeed just a little girl; all she could write was the amusingly mediocre Arabella. Afterwards, she had something that was worth saying, though it took a long time to figure out how to do that. When she'd completed her task, she was able to get back to the one she was engaged in when she was interrupted: I love the circular structure, which ends with Arabella being staged 60 years late. Of the many infuriating changes in the movie version, I think I was most annoyed by the removal of this key scene.Wood burns, observes Monty Python's logician, as he gives an example of an incorrect syllogism; therefore, all that burns is wood. Similarly, the fact that much trickery is post-modern does not imply that all post-modernism is trickery. This is a great and heart-felt novel.

  1. Ian McEwan was born on 21 June 1948 in Aldershot, England He studied at the University of Sussex, where he received a BA degree in English Literature in 1970 He received his MA degree in English Literature at the University of East Anglia.McEwan s works have earned him worldwide critical acclaim He won the Somerset Maugham Award in 1976 for his first collection of short stories First Love, Last Rites the Whitbread Novel Award 1987 and the Prix F mina Etranger 1993 for The Child in Time and Germany s Shakespeare Prize in 1999 He has been shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize for Fiction numerous times, winning the award for Amsterdam in 1998 His novel Atonement received the WH Smith Literary Award 2002 , National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award 2003 , Los Angeles Times Prize for Fiction 2003 , and the Santiago Prize for the European Novel 2004 He was awarded a CBE in 2000 In 2006, he won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for his novel Saturday and his novel On Chesil Beach was named Galaxy Book of the Year at the 2008 British Book Awards where McEwan was also named Reader s Digest Author of the Year.McEwan lives in London His most recently published work is Nutshell 2016.

391 Reply to “الكفارة”

  1. There are many reviews already of this book, and I did wonder whether the world needed any But I disagree so strongly with some of the opinions expressed that I m afraid I have to exercise my right to reply Two things in particular stand out Let me deal with the simpler one first Some people seem appalled that the author is putting the guilt for this dreadful tragedy on the shoulders of a young girl She didn t know what she was doing, they say she was too young to understand the import of her a [...]


  2. It s like To Kill A Mockingbird Only, instead of a flawed but relatable protagonist, we have a protagonist vilified beyond all reason Instead of a persecuted minority, we have a horny young man And instead of Atticus Finch, we haveIan McEwan And never, in the history of literature, has anyone worked quite this hard to invalidate the accusatory gaze of young girls.The sinner here is young Briony And her sin is pride We see her exposed to sexist and obscene language, violent sex, and a rape all in [...]


  3. In World War II England, 13 year old Briony Tallis misinterprets her older sister s love affair with their family s gardener to be something much worse than what it is Her innocence and partial understanding of the world begins a chain of events that tears the family apart and alters the course of the rest of the girl s life.Sounds a little dry, right Wrong I guess I forgot to mention that the book was written by Ian McEwan, the king of uncomfortable moments, weird sex stuff, the rotating third [...]


  4. That I can remember, I ve never before disliked the start of a book so thoroughly, and by the end, gone on to think so much of it as a complete work.The last 2 3 of this novel are as good as contemporary fiction gets The first 1 3 is like reading a Jane Austen plot trapped in amber.As the title indicates Atonement is about a future artist s massive effort to redeem herself for ruining the character of a young man when she is a younger girl There are parts of this novel that are disjointed or if [...]


  5. I was bored with this until half way through, but then it got interesting It touches on imagination versus reality, fiction versus fact, in addition to the story content A portrait of an upper middle class English family is interrupted by a supposed rape in which a young imaginative vengeful girl misidentifies the rapist I found that it stayed with me and that I appreciated it with time The film was a magnificent translation.


  6. The subject matter of Atonement is literature itself, but it is much First, the writer is one of its characters second, because Ian McEwan s novel creates a world where subjectivity and objectivity interfere mutually The characters are full of life and the language, even if elaborate and subtle, does not go around or makes inroads into itself.The narrator and protagonist, Briony Tallis, emerges in the beginner as a pre adolescent that dreams to arrange the world in her texts, as in the play she [...]


  7. Read as part of The Infinite Variety Reading Challenge, based on the BBC s Big Read Poll of 2003.The cost of oblivious daydreaming was always this moment of return, the realignment with what had been before and now seemed a little worse.In the heat of a 1930s Summer, a family reunites at their country home for what may be the last time Cousins have come to stay, a sister has returned from University and a brother is returning from America with a new friend in tow Briony, the only child left at h [...]


  8. What a lovely reread this was I first read this novel almost a decade ago, and the story has stayed with me The prose is gorgeous, and again I was completely absorbed in this novel My favorite character is Briony, the young writer seeking atonement for a mistake she made as a child And my heart aches for her sister, Cecilia, and her wronged lover, Robbie I ve only read a few of McEwan s books, but I like his writing style so much I want to read Highly recommended.Favorite Quotes Was everyone el [...]


  9. I feel that perhaps I have sabotaged this book somewhat as I read it directly after finishing Love In the Time of Cholera, and perhaps in retrospect should have read a poetry book or some non fiction in between Clearly anything I would have read after finishing a Masterpiece would pale in comparison but I decided that the critical raves this book had received and high praise from people around me should be enough to encourage me to see it through to the end.Here is why I found this book lacking [...]


  10. This is where a 2.5 star rating would be ideal I am extremely ambivalent about this novel first the pluses the writing is gorgeous McEwan has some of the best prose out there Every line has meat to it, nothing is throwaway, and every visual is so vivid that the reader is transported to a specific time and place Secondly, what everyone praises the novel for , the commentary McEwan is making about the novel itself the fact that it is written, that characters and plots are manipulated by the author [...]


  11. Having recently seen and loved the magnificent film adaptation, I decided to reread Atonement, which quite impressed me when it was first published And guess what It was an even rewarding experience the second time around Knowing what was coming knowing the plot twist at the end helped me focus on the quality of the writing rather than on the development of the story, and as always, McEwan s prose completely sucked me in He is, quite simply, one of the most talented authors alive, and he uses h [...]


  12. A lesson to us all never put anything in print that one day might come back to bite you in the ass.Having already seen the movie, I didn t particularly want to read the book I ve never read Mario Puzo s The Godfather, now have I , but seeing as this book is a modern great, I felt it my duty to drag it from my book cave.Pleasingly, McEwan writes with aplomb about the human psyche of lust, loathing, immaturity and guilt his prose is word perfect.That said, the novel suffers from its own identity c [...]


  13. WARNING Don t read this if you don t want the ending spoiled This bookI hate it It s beautiful, every word of it is gorgeous, but it s as if the author spends all this time painstakingly crafting a really detailed, intricate vessel for you I m thinking of a boat and then just before your journey s over he snatches it out from under you you sink Why go to such lengths describing the lovers, and the war, and Briony the nursing when in the end none of it even matters The problem with Atonement is t [...]


  14. In life, we all make mistakes Some big, some small, but usually we quickly forget them But what happens when you make a mistake that haunts you every day and you can do nothing about it This book was fantastic I loved the writing I loved the characters They were so well developed I could feel their emotions in myself as I read I was deeply and truly satisfied by the story and the writing When I closed the book after the last page I felt like I was sitting back after finishing an amazing meal Rea [...]


  15. This was the favourite novel of a friend of mine who died suddenly a few years ago She loved it so much that she refused to see the film adaptation because, she said, it couldn t possibly be as good as the novel I, on the other hand, saw the film without having read the book because when the film was released I was still in the won t read McEwan stage of my life that lasted from 1988 or 1989 until two or three years ago Anyway, I quite liked the film, or at least it made an impression on me at t [...]


  16. Sometimes when I write these reviews, especially when they re of novels with widespread popularity and critical acclaim, I start to feel like a real curmudgeon Is there anything really wrong with Ian McEwan s Atonement Is it not a compelling story well told Is the writing not clear, succinct, and free of pretentiousness Does McEwan not draw the reader into a well imagined world and hold him there until the last page The answer to all these questions is yes Yet still, yet stillMaybe it s all the [...]


  17. Atonement is about a thirteen year old girl, Briony Tallis, who observed her older sister, and a servant in the most unusual actions that could not be fathomed in a young girl s mind Briony s, with her amazing imagination, concocted an extraordinary tale that caused an unforgivable crime Can she repair the damage that changes everyone s lives I always wanted this book After watching the movie, many moons ago, I knew I wanted it Honestly, I don t remember the film all that well I remember complai [...]


  18. Is there word beyond amazing that I can use Some word beyond enthralling I need them I m reaching for them But I literally just finished the book and I m so much in awe of it I just can t It s perfect It s perfect in every image and line and mirror and echo Ian McEwan is such a master of language and storycraft.I devoured this book in a day Less than a day Ignoring all other work to do so And it was TOTALLY worth it I can t think of what to praise first this point, so I m going to go in random o [...]


  19. Atonement focuses on tragic events surrounding the Tallis family during the years prior to, during and after the Second World War Briony Tallis, a thirteen year old girl who has a dream of becoming a famous author, witnesses and misunderstands the sexual tension between her older sister Cecilia and the gardener Robbie Turner, with her mistake leading to years of remorse, hate, solitude and atonement One might think this is a concept too unpromising for a full length story, lacking any further po [...]



  20. Wow, this book was really good but on different levels The first half gives us an intense story about a family who lives in some kind of a mansion in England Briony, Cecilia and the other family members are peculiar characters that give you a feeling that trouble is stirring under the surface The second half of the book takes a turn for the serious, and while this part had its enchanting moments, it was the first part I loved the most Maybe it s because I ve watched the movie which seems to fol [...]


  21. What a strange and powerful novel, one that begins its story with a quote from Jane Austen s Northanger Abby.Why Because Ms Austen was the master of comparing the controlled, domestic world of the home with that of the chaotic, spontaneous world of the outside, the unknown.Mirroring this idea, the self centered 13 year old Briony Tallis wonders early in McEwan s story, Was that really all there was in life, indoors or out Yes, Briony, that s all there really is Oh, except one thing the interior [...]


  22. Atonement, Ian McEwan, c2001Characters Briony Tallis, Emily Tallis, Cecilia Tallis, Leon Tallis, Lola Quincy, Jackson Quincy, Perriot Quincy, Paul Marshall, Robbie TurnerAbstract On a summer day in 1935, thirteen year old Briony Tallis witnesses a moment s flirtation between her older sister, Cecilia, and Robbie Turner, the son of a servant But Briony s incomplete grasp of adult motives and her precocious imagination bring about a crime that will change all their lives, a crime whose repercussio [...]


  23. I always have a problem with Ian McEwan s novels On the one hand, I am impressed by the expert writing, the elegant flow with never the least snag in the language to trip me up On the other hand, I cringe from his stories, full as they are of treacherous snags to trip me up at every turn I read them with a terrible anxiety hovering near my heart Am I the only one who is so sensitive to their exaggerated aura of menace Friends who like McEwan s writing don t feel this at all Why have I read so ma [...]


  24. There are so many angles and perceptions to consider in this book Sometimes the end can make a book and that is certainly the case here where the story is left open for interpretation This is a book that leaves you thinking and considering, making up your own conclusions and strong enough characters to make you want to.The first few chapters I did find my mind wandering through lengthy descriptions I ll call it beautiful, poetic scenery , and yet that scenery set a lackadaisical feel vital to th [...]


  25. Ah, to be young and bookish and to hate your status as a child To want to be part of the grown ups world, to want to understand their strange actions and their esoteric social codes, which seem so mysterious and sophisticated As we get older we often realize that none of this is quite as glamorous as we had imagined, and the rear view mirror of memory can give new meanings to events we thought we understood so well in our youth Briony is the youngest child of rather comfortable British family, b [...]


  26. I watched the movie before reading the book, which was probably a mistake because I loved the movie and I felt that the book didn t measure up Which is unfair, I know, but there it is What impressed me about the book was the powerful statement the author is making on the power of narrative how much it rules our lives It does not matter whether it is true or false in fact, true or false has no say in it, because for each one of us it is entirely subjective And when the person in question is a wri [...]


  27. When I read a contemporary 21st century novel, especially a really good one, I often wonder, will it become a classic Will people still be reading it 150 years from now It s hard to know of course Occasionally I read one that I think will still be around, will be read and appreciated years from now Atonement is one of those The setting, the plot, the time period, the historical aspect, were all perfectly connected The characters were so real that I felt like I was reading a historical record of [...]


  28. A beautifully written and cleverly told story of relationships, growing up, guilt and, obviously, atonement and forgiveness The essence of the story is how a childish mistake, made in good faith or less can have consequences for many people, for many years Although it would be better to read this before watching the film, I d heard that the book had been thought unfilmable and so was pretty different, which ensured I was alert to reading it with fresh eyes Part 1 is perhaps not quite as idyllic [...]


  29. How can a novelist achieve atonement when, with her absolute power of deciding outcomes, she is also God There is no one, no entity or higher form that she can appeal to, or be reconciled with, or that can forgive her There is nothing outside her In her imagination she has set the limits and the terms No atonement for God, or novelists, even if they are atheists It was always an impossible task, and that was precisely the point The attempt was all.


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