THE MORAL DISCOURSES Epictetus This was the translation by Mrs Elizabeth Carter and also included The Enchiridion and various Fragments as published by Everyman s Library in and
THE MORAL DISCOURSES. (?). Epictetus. ****. This was the translation by Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, and also included The Enchiridion and various Fragments, as published by Everyman’s Library in 1910 and later reprinted in 1913. This translation was the benchmark for this work for the longest time. Since then there have been many more accessible translations using contemporary language. Aside from that, I have to start off by telling you that this is a browsing book. Each discourse stands on its own, and there is not a lot of carry-through from one part to another. Epictetus (55-135) was born in Hierapolis (in Phrygia) and was later made a slave to one of Nero’s courtiers. He was an adherent of the Stoics, and his discourses reflect the major beliefs of that group. The chief concerns of the Stoics included integrity, self-management, and personal freedom. A lot of their beliefs look as if they might have been lifted from the New Testament, but that couldn’t have been the case. Each discourse focuses on one particular aspect of man’s behavior, and is usually related in a Socratic style. To give you a taste, some discourse titles were: That We Are Not to be Angry With the errors of Others, Against Epicurus, Of Intrepidity, and, How to Adapt Pre-conceptions to Particular Cases.There are four Books of Discourses, with a total of well over 100 topic choices. Epictetus is well known as being a fertile source of quotations. As you browse these discourses you will find a lot of familiar sayings. Recommended.Good The Discourses Author Epictetus is a Ebook For centuries, Stoicism was virtually the unofficial religion of the Roman world The stress on endurance, self restraint, and power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by Emperor Domitian, who offers by far the most precise and humane version of Stoic ideals The Discourses, assembled by his pupil ArriaFor centuries, Stoicism was virtually the unofficial religion of the Roman worldThe stress on endurance, self restraint, and power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by Emperor Domitian, who offers by far the most precise and humane version of Stoic ideals The Discourses, assembled by his pupil Arrian, catch him in action, publicly setting out his views on ethical dilemmas.Committed to communicating with the broadest possible audience, Epictetus uses humor, imagery conversations and homely comparisons to put his message across The results are perfect universal justice and calm indifference in the face of pain The most comprehensive edition available with an introduction, notes, selected criticism, glossary, and chronology of Epictetus life and times.. Epictetus was a Greek Stoic philosopher He was probably born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia present day Pamukkale, Turkey , and lived in Rome until his exile to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece, where he lived most of his life and died His teachings were noted down and published by his pupil Arrian in his Discourses Philosophy, he taught, is a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline To Epictetus, all external events are determined by fate, and are thus beyond our control, but we can accept whatever happens calmly and dispassionately Individuals, however, are responsible for their own actions which they can examine and control through rigorous self discipline Suffering arises from trying to control what is uncontrollable, or from neglecting what is within our power As part of the universal city that is the universe, human beings have a duty of care to all fellow humans The person who followed these precepts would achieve happiness.. Bestseller Book The Discourses Stoicism offers a guide to happiness and serenity in life, and Epictetus was, perhaps, the greatest Stoic philosopher. First and foremost, Epictetus was a deeply religious man. He was convinced that God created the world according to Reason, and that human beings, in so far as we have the gift of rational thought, can attain happiness by living according to our own nature--which meant for Epictetus according to reason.But what does it mean to live "according to nature" or reason? For Epictetus, as for other Stoics, one central part of that is recognizing how insignificant material things are. This recognition is liberating, he tells us: "What tyrant, what robber, what tribunals have any terrors for those who thus esteem the body and all that belong to it as of no account." Most people live in pursuit of pleasure and material wealth, he thinks, and so are slaves of their appetites and their greed. They think these things will make them happy, and when they are disappointed, rather than change course, they just keep going on the same road.Epictetus also anticipated some insights from modern psychology. 'Live in the moment and appreciate what you have now', he urges, us, free from anxieties and regrets: "There you sit, trembling for fear certain things should come to pass, and moaning and groaning and lamenting over what does come to pass. And then you upbraid the gods. Such meanness of spirit can have but one result--impiety."He also advised that we distinguish between the things that we can control and the things that we cannot. And he pointed out the futility of worrying about things that are out of our control. If we take his advice and stop worrying about things we can't control, we will save ourselves a lot of needless anxiety. Again, anticipating modern psychology (in cognitive behavioral therapy), he argues that it is not outside events that make us miserable, but our reactions to those events. We often can't control external circumstances, but we can control our internal attitudes toward those circumstances. And this is his fundamental psychological insight.Like Jesus and Buddha, Epictetus also teaches that we should be kind, generous and forgiving with others. I can't say I always live up to this, or to Epictetus' other teachings, but I've only started trying recently. And to the extent that I have become more Stoical, my life has been enriched by it.The Stoics are not widely read or discussed now. And that's a shame. They have a lot to teach us about us about what constitutes a good life, if only we will pay attention. It's true that much of what Epictetus says echoes what Socrates and Plato taught, but we know what Socrates said chiefly through Plato, and Plato was often coy. He wrote dialogues and not discourses, and so his meaning is often not clear.For his clarity and his wisdom, Epictetus is well worth reading. For a reader looking for happiness, it would be hard to find a better guide than this book.
The Discourses Epictetus, Long, George The Discourses of Epictetus are a series of extracts of the teachings of the Stoic philosopher Epictetus written down by Arrian c AD There were originally eight books, but only four now Discourses Niccolo Machiavelli Machiavelli s Discourses instead explains how the world is and because of this is not a work of mere philosophy but of prophecy Machiavelli notes that people s passions and desires are the The Discourses Summary Study Guide SuperSummary The Discourses are Machiavelli s commentaries on the republic of ancient Rome how it is founded, maintained, and protected and how Roman wisdom in the art of statecraft can be used by all republics The Discourses by Niccol Machiavelli The Discourses by Niccolo Machiavelli is the famous political schemers treatise on Republican government compared to principality or dictatorship He is, of course, famous for his work The The Discourses by Epictetus The stress on endurance, self restraint, and power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by Emperor Domitian, who offers by far