Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg Creat James
Hallowed Ground: A Walk at Gettysburg Creat James M. McPherson go inside Books James M McPherson born October 11, 1936 is an American Civil War historian, and is the George Henry Davis 86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University He received the Pulitzer Prize for Battle Cry of Freedom, his most famous book He was the president of the American Historical Association in 2003, and is a member of the editorial board of Encyclop dia Britannica.Born in Valley City, North Dakota, he graduated from St Peter High School, and he received his Bachelor of Arts at Gustavus Adolphus College St Peter, Minnesota in 1958 from which he graduated magna cum laude , and his Ph.D at Johns Hopkins University in 1963 Currently he resides in Princeton, New Jersey, and is married with one child.. Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg Crown Journeys. The best Book Hallowed Ground: A Walk at Gettysburg Hallowed Ground: A Walk at Gettysburg, Three Days in July"More than any other place in the United States, this battlefield is indeed hallowed ground. Perhaps no word in the American language has greater historical resonance than Gettysburg. For some people Lexington and Concord, or Bunker Hill, or Yorktown, or Omaha Beach would be close rivals. But more Americans visit Gettysburg each year than any of these other battlefields--perhaps than all of them combined."Although I was born in Alabama and live here still, I revere Abraham Lincoln. My first job was as a sign painter for outdoor advertising. It was a tough job, putting up metal paneled billboards. I was in high school. With my first paycheck I bought a bust of Abraham Lincoln. I've had it ever since. This is the 150th Anniversary of the battle of Gettysburg. Three days in July; the first, second, and third. There is irony that the greatest battle on American soil ended one day before Independence Day. Or perhaps, there is no irony in it at all. For the end result was that this struggle marked the great turning point in the American Civil War that led us to be one nation, united, and we celebrate the Fourth of July as Americans, one and all.James M. McPherson, the Pulitzer Prize winning author of Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era, has written a small gem of a book that captures personalities of the key commanders and the essential strategies and tactics of each of those three days in a mere one hundred forty one pages. McPherson includes critical maps documenting each day's actions.Author James M. McPhersonI will be making my second pilgrimage to Gettysburg this next week. I, too, consider it "hallowed ground." My traveling companion will be Ritchie Tipton, of whom I have written in a number of other reviews. We each began our careers as Assistant District Attorneys. It will be his first trip to this little Pennsylvania town. We will be two of the estimated seventy thousand people that will swell the population of this normally quiet little town.We will stay at an Inn originally built in 1812. It, as did every other home in the surrounding countryside, served as a hospital during and after the battle. Today the Inn sits on land aside what has been renamed Hospital Road. We were fortunate to obtain a room with two twin beds, each with a night stand for our respective C-Pap machines, as neither of us has ever been able to kick the vice of smoking, nor missed the opportunity for a fine meal.I called Ritchie last Sunday. "Mr. Tipton, what are you doing?" He growled through the phone, "Well, Mr. Sullivan, I'm reading Stars in Their Courses: The Gettysburg Campaign, June-July 1963, by Mr. Shelby Foote."Known for his colorful language, Ritchie continued,"It appears to me this was a real cluster f...--Ewell and Lee are coming in from the North and Meade is coming in from the South."While not quite as colorful in his exposition, McPherson essentially agrees with my astute friend. Neither Lee nor Meade chose Gettysburg as the location where their forces would collide.General Lee had obtained Jefferson Davis' permission for an invasion of the North following his decisive victory at Chancellorsville. The target was not Gettysburg, but Harrisburg. Lee divided his forces and sent General Richard S. Ewell to the banks of the Susquehanna River with orders to seize the town. The seizure of Harrisburg would open up the road to Philadelphia. A victory in Pennsylvania would stir up the Copperhead Democrats in Congress, causing Lincoln to sue for peace and the South would win its independence.Robert E. LeeBut victory at Chancellorsville had been costly. Stonewall Jackson had been severely wounded by friendly fire and died of pneumonia on May 10, 1863, leaving Pete Longstreet as Lee's Field Commander in the upcoming invasion.James Longstreet, "Old Pete"Chancellorsville also brought about a change in command of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln accepted Joe Hooker's resignation after Hooker expressed dismay over being denied further reinforcements. In his place Lincoln elevated a surprised and reluctant George Meade as yet another commander of the Army of the Potomac.George MeadeLee left a sufficient number of troops in Fredericksburg, Virginia, to disguise his movement to the North. Jeb Stuart, Lee's most renowned Cavalry Commander was to serve as his eyes and to notify Lee of any Federal movement from Fredericksburg.Jeb Stuart, the man who left Lee in the darkLee would move North, hidden by the mountains of the Sheandoah, particularly South Mountain. Stuart would proceed parallel to Lee, also West of South Mountain.But Stuart had suffered a stinging defeat at the largest cavalry engagement of the Civil War at the battle of Brandy Station. Stuart asked Lee's permission to swing East of South Mountain. Lee mistakenly gave Stuart permission to do so provided he stayed in constant contact through courier and could connect with Lee's army whenever needed.Stuart ran into the rear of the Army of the Potomac. However, he was cut off by the rapidly moving Union forces. No courier could get through, nor could he move his cavalry back across South Mountain. Stuart's apparent attempt to overcome his embarrassment at Brandy Station would leave Lee blind.Only word from a civilian spy informed Lee of the oncoming Union advance. Lee sent couriers recalling Ewell from Harrisburg. He then selected Gettysburg as a gathering place for his divided forces.However, on July 1, Union forces already occupied Gettysburg. John Buford, the cavalry commander who had defeated Stuart at Brandy Station was there. Buford, seeing the oncoming Confederate forces sent couriers telling forces of the Army of the Potomac to come with all haste. Buford's men were equipped with Sharps Carbines which allowed them to fire three times as fast as Confederate infantry equipped with rifled muskets.John Buford, the man who really chose the ground for battleNevertheless, the overwhelming tide of Confederate forces took the day and the town of Gettysburg. Union forces retreated to Cemetery Hill. Lee told Ewell to take the hill if practicable. With daylight waning, Ewell decided it wasn't practicable. The harsh fact is if Lee wanted the hill taken, he was the commanding general and should have ordered it.Richard Ewell allowed Union forces to occupy the high groundJuly 2 saw attempts by Lee's forces to attack both the Union left and right flanks. Ewell's men were on the right at Culp's Hill. Longstreet was on the left where fierce fighting occurred in the wheat field, the peach orchard, Devil's Den, and finally the assault on Little Round Top, the spot immortalized in The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara, which also made Bowdoin College Professor Joshua Chamberlain one of the singular heroes of Gettysburg.Joshua Chamberlain who held the Union leftMcPherson clearly points out that Chamberlain was not the only hero that prevented a Union rout. He tells of the importance of the fighting at Culp's Hill, where Colonel David Ireland had built two sets of defenses, the second a wooden wall, higher up Culp's Hill. The wall proved to be the saving grace on the right flank. Neither flank was turned. McPherson gives Chamberlain his due, but also openly points to Chamberlain's detractors who claimed perhaps accurately Chamberlain had a flair for self promotion.Daniel Ireland, unsung hero?Then, inevitably, we come to July 3 and what is popularly known as Pickett's Charge. Actually the men of Generals Trimble and Pettigrew were part of the mile long line of men. Longstreet bordered on insubordination, telling Lee that no fifteen thousand men could take the Union center a mile away over open ground, urging him to move to the right, choose his own ground, and make Meade attack him. Lee refused to listen, insisting that the Union center had been weakened by reinforcements to the right and left flanks on the heights.The Confederate view of the Union center, a mile across open groundThe assault was to begin following an hour and a half artillery barrage under the command of Edwin Alexander Porter, whose skills in that capacity had established his reputation in previous engagements. However, Porter's barrage was ineffective with most of his shells exploding behind the enemy lines. McPherson points out that Porter was dealing with ammunition manufactured at armories other than Richmond and that the fuses of the shells used on July 3 burned more slowly. Alexander never knew of the inaccuracy of his shelling because of the smoke that covered the field.It was a slaughter.It is impossible to appreciate what occurred at Gettysburg without walking the ground. And during that walk you must consider that this ground served as a battlefield for 165,000 soldiers--75,000 Confederate and 90,000 Union. Of those, 11,000 were killed or died of their wounds. 29,000 were wounded but survived. 10,000 were simply missing, in most cases captured. These 50,000 casualties were ten times those suffered on June 6, 1944, during D-Day.I have told my neighbor, my former Psychology Professor originally from Cleveland, Ohio, of my upcoming trip. He gave me a curious look. "I have never understood why Southerners continue to want to fight the Civil War." I could only tell him, "It is not because I was born in the South. It is a reminder of why we are all Americans. You have to go to understand it."There are more than 1400 monuments at Gettysburg. They have been erected by states and by members of the regiments who fought there. I have seen each one. I have walked, marched, double-timed, and charged across that open field towards a copse of trees that formed the Union center on a hot July 3, at the precise hour of the final charge. I have wondered at courage in the face of futility. It still has the ability to make me shiver.Should you make a trip to Gettysburg, I recommend you read McPherson's book. Take it with you. And if you wonder how men could fight so hard and so courageously, I recommend For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War also by James M. McPherson.Lincoln at Gettysburg, November 19, 1863Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
Hallowed Ground Jun , A married couple, trying to rebuild their relationship after an affair, travels to a secluded cabin and stumbles into a blood feud between the Native American owners of the property and the neighboring clan, who obsessively guard their land and punish those who trespass on it in terrifying ways Written by Miles Doleac Plot Summary Add Synopsis Hallowed ground definition and meaning Collins English Hallowed ground definition You can refer to land as ground , especially when it has very few buildings or when it is Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Log In Dictionary Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg Crown Journeys Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg Crown Journeys Hardcover May , by James M McPherson Author Visit s James M McPherson Page Find all the books, read about the author, and . Hallowed Grounds PBS Hallowed Grounds visits of America s overseas military cemeteries, and tells the story of these remarkable places with historical sequences about the wars and battles that created them, and Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg by James M McPherson Mar , Hallowed Ground A Walk at Gettysburg is about how the armies didn t want to fight at Gettysburg but went union soldiers saw confederate soldiers coming closer they stared to fire at them It talked about where all the monuments are in Gettysburg In the book it said what fights were won and what fights were lost. Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area Experience the fascinating historical and cultural landscape that is the Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area, a mile long, mile wide region stretching from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to Thomas Jefferson s Monticello in Charlottesville, Virginia HISTORIC SITES. Arthur s Hallowed Ground TV Movie Aug , Charming debut from octogenarian director Freddy Young The hallowed ground in question is a cricket pitch, of which Arthur is the groundsman The directing debut from year old Freddy Young David Lean s triple Oscar Winning photographer , comes from the same Puttnam produced TV series, First Love, as P Tang Yang Kipperbang. Hallowed Ground Official Path of Exile Wiki Hallowed Ground no longer overrides the level of monsters within it It now adds or subtracts a number of levels from the monsters within it based on the mod This is due to the capacity for it to now have a variable tier Existing versions of this item are not affected Hallowed definition of hallowed by The Free Dictionary adjective sanctified, holy, blessed, sacred, honoured, dedicated, revered, consecrated, sacrosanct, inviolable, beatified Their resting place is in hallowed ground Collins Thesaurus of the English Language Complete and Unabridged nd Edition HarperCollins Publishers , Hallowed Definition of Hallowed by Merriam Webster Definition of hallowed holy, consecrated the church stands on hallowed ground sacred, revered the university s hallowed halls hallowed customs Synonyms Hallowed Has Old English Roots More